Fried Chicken

fried-chicken.jpg

I made fried chicken for dinner Sunday night, which is a very, very good thing. The craft (art) of making pan-fried chicken is dying in our home kitchens, and I just might make it my personal mission to remind everyone of how wonderful and versatile this dish is. There’s probably no better cooking method to ensure a very moist and flavorful bird, even using the bland chickens mass-produced today. A properly cooked piece of fried chicken has a crispy crust, with a layer of flavorful skin and melted fat underneath, and moist, tender flesh in the interior. There’s something incredibly primal and exhilarating about biting into perfectly fried chicken. The question remains, however, what’s the best method for making fried chicken???

Now there’s absolutely no consensus on this issue, and, in fact, there have been as many arguments about “proper” fried chicken as there are about the best barbecue. Some people make a batter-dipped chicken, whereas others just use flour, and a third class (and a lesser class, at that) uses bread crumbs or some other type of coating. Kim Severson of the New York Times recently wrote a piece on two New Orleans restaurants’ differing styles of chicken, both revered. But the differences don’t end with the crust. Pan fried vs. deep fried. Brined? Marinated? Injected??? Scott Peacock of Decatur’s Watershed Restaurant, adapting Miss Edna Lewis’ method, brines it for one day and then soaks it in buttermilk the next. He then dredges it in a combination of flour, cornstarch and potato starch to minimize gluten and maximize crunch. Oh, and then he fries it in lard flavored with bacon and country ham. John T. Edge has publicly declared Peacock’s to be the best fried chicken in the country, but it needn’t be that difficult.

Some people insist on using peanut oil, whereas others use vegetable shortening. There’s the lard contingency, of course. You need a fat with a high smoke point, but I like the simplicity of canola oil. It doesn’t leave a lot of greasy residue, either. You’ll want to get the oil to about 340-350°F. The hot temperatures allow surface water to escape and to keep out the grease. Start with your dark meat, and then add the breasts (breasts like a slightly lower temperature). Keep the temperature around 320° or so.

If you use a cast iron skillet, which has higher heat retention properties, you’ll be able to control the temperature better. Covering the chicken during the first half of cooking helps maintain an even temperature, too.

So how do I make fried chicken? I make it simple. A fairly short soak in salted buttermilk, dredged in all purpose flour seasoned with salt and pepper, and a quick fry in a cast iron skillet filled with canola oil. For something this good, this pure, why complicate things? That way, you’re more likely to make it frequently. Plus, cold, leftover chicken is much better with this simple style.

Recipe after the break.

Simple Fried Chicken

  • 1 quart buttermilk
  • 1/4 cup salt
  • 1 chicken, 3-4 pounds, cut into 8 pieces
  • canola oil
  • 2 cups all purpose flour
  • Salt and pepper for seasoning flour

In a very large zipper bag, combine salt and buttermilk until salt dissolves. Add chicken to bag, seal, and let sit for an hour at room temperature.

In a large cast-iron skillet over medium heat, pour enough canola oil to come nearly halfway up the sides. Heat oil to 340 to 350 degrees. Remove chicken from the bag, letting most of the buttermilk drip. Dredge each piece in seasoned flour. Let sit on wire rack until all chicken has been dredged.

Carefully add chicken to hot oil, skin side down, starting with dark meat. Cover. Turn dark meat after about 5 minutes and turn breast after about 7 minutes. Cook until a deep golden brown. White meat takes about 12-14 minutes to cook and dark meat cooks in a total of about 8-10 minutes. Let drain on a wire rack.

Drain chicken on clean cooling rack placed over a clean rimmed baking sheet.

Best served with cream gravy, but that discussion and recipe are for another day!

Advertisements

6 Responses to Fried Chicken

  1. OMGosh thanks for that recipe – your chicken looks awesome!!!!!!

  2. Joe says:

    I suck at frying chicken. I always think that next time I’m going to do a better job, but then I usually don’t. So, I rarely fry it. It’s embarrassing to admit, but fried chicken is one of those things where I’ll usually just go out and get it from someplace I find acceptable. Maybe if I did fry chicken once a week or once a month, I’d be better at it.

    I do prefer frying it in lard when I do fry it.

  3. durhamfood says:

    Damn, Dean, I made this recipe of your’s for dinner tonight, with some collards and mashed potatoes and I gotta say: AWESOME!

    Thanks!

  4. SeaHawg says:

    Dean,
    Sounds like a wonderful recipe. I can’t think about fried chicken without thinking about Edna Eaton’s at St. Mary’s School. Here is the recipe she shared with Southern Living back in 1999.

    When Edna Eaton retired last year from Saint Mary’s School in Raleigh, students and staff members sadly said goodbye to their longtime head cook. After 18 years at the school, she’d earned the right to hang up her apron.

    But school officials knew they couldn’t do without Edna’s Fried Chicken. After all, even Raleigh residents made monthly visits to campus for “fried chicken day.” So Edna continued to oversee preparation of her famous dish once or twice a month. Soon she was back at Saint Mary’s part time.

    Edna says the secret to her chicken is “soaking it with vinegar and salt. This gets the juice off and gives the right mixture for the batter.” Taste for yourself.

    EDNA’S FRIED CHICKEN

    2 (21/2 pound) whole chickens, cut up

    1/4 cup cider vinegar

    1/4 cup salt

    3 cups all-purpose flour

    2 teaspoons salt

    1/2 teaspoon garlic salt

    1 tablespoon seasoned salt

    1/2 teaspoon poultry seasoning

    2 teaspoons paprika

    1 teaspoon pepper

    Vegetable oil

    PLACE chicken in a large bowl; add water to cover. Add vinegar and 1/4 cup salt; let stand 30 minutes. Drain well.

    STIR together flour and next 6 ingredients; dredge chicken in flour mixture, shaking off excess flour mixture.

    POUR oil to a depth of 2 inches into a Dutch oven; heat to 350 deg. Fry chicken, in batches, 9 to 10 minutes on each side or until done. Drain on paper towels. Yield: 8 servings.

    Prep: 55 min., Cook: 40 min.

  5. Linell says:

    Thank God someone else saved Edna’s recipe. I had it jotted down in a notebook since 1999. Have since lost notebook. My chicken is brining as I write this. My family thanks you.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: